Tadoba Andhari National park is very rich in bio diversity and located in the Chandrapur District of Maharashtra . Tadoba was declared a National Park in the year 1955 and Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a protected area in 1986. In the year 1995, both the park and wildlife sanctuary were merged to establish the 623 Sq. Km. Tadoba-Andheri National Park and Tiger Reserve.
Tadoba derived its name from the tribal godess “Tadoba”, and Andheri river flows through the park. Thickly forested hills from the northern and western part slowly rolled down to south. A huge lake on the southern periphery acts as a buffer between theforest and the extensive farmlands on the southern fringe area.. Combination of river,forest,hills, streams and fresh water lake make Tadoba-Andheri a haven for some of the rare and endangered species.
Pristine thick forest cover with difficult hilly tract hosts some of the unique and endangered faunal species of Indian subcontinent. Tigers are the main attraction of this unique eco-system Rich bio-diversity and undulating forest make this park a hotspot for nature and wildlife lovers.
Flora and Fauna:
Tadoba Andheri National Park and Tiger Reserve mainly consist of Tropical Dry Deciduous forest. Main floral species found in this park are Teak, Ain, Bija, Dhauda, Haldu, Salai, Semal, Tendu and Bamboo. Tadoba attracts wildlife lovers from every corner of the globe mainly for its tiger population. More than 40 roaring tigers placed Tadoba on a firm position in India’s tiger map. Other than tiger, carnivores species present in the park are Leopard, Stripped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Rusty Spotted Cat, Desert Cat, Jackal, Indian Fox, Wild Dog etc. Small mammalians like Small Indian Civet, Common Palm Civet, Mongooses, Honey Badgers, Indian Porcupine dominates the forest floor. Though good number of Sloth Bear are present in the park but seen occasionally inside park area. Pangolin is another illusive mammal present in the area. Species like Indian Flying Fox, Fulvous Fruit Bat, Black-bearded Tomb Bat, Short-nosed Fruit Bat, Greater False Vampire, Hodgson's Bat also signify the bio-diversity of Tadoba-Andhari Reserve. The area is a popular place to watch Indian Giant Flying Squirrel. Herbivores species dominates this park area are Indian Gaur, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Indian Muntjac or Barking deer, Four-horned Antelope or Chowsinga, Blue Bull or Nilgai, Indian Gazelle,. Indian Hare is also found in the grassland area of the park. The Tadoba lake shelters endangered Marsh Crocodile. Once this crocodile was found in entire Maharashtra but now it is loosing its ground due to habitat lose.
Tadoba is also an ornithologist's paradise with a varied diversity of aquatic birdlife, and Raptors. In Tadoba more than 300 species of avi-faunal species has been recorded. Some of the notable bird species are Painted Francolin, Grey Francolin, Red Spurfowl, Painted Spurfowl, Red-crested Pochard, Common Pochard, Indian Grey Hornbill, Common Hawk Cuckoo, Sirkeer Malkoha, Plum-headed Parakeet, Blossom-headed Parakeet, Collared Scops Owl, Jungle Owlet, Pintail Snipe, Marsh Sandpiper, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, White-eyed Buzzard, Booted Eagle, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Glossy Ibis, Wooly-necked Stork, Black Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Puff Throated Babbler, Singing Bushlark etc.