Gorumara National Park, the land of the Prehistoric Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is located in the flood plains of Murti and Jaldhaka rivers of Dooars (rolling hill slopes) region within Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal. The dry deciduous forest land interspersed with grasslands, harbors one of largest diversity of mega fauna in West Bengal. This Reserve Forest since 1895 was declared as a National Park in 1994 for it’s great diversity of plants and animals. Garumara National Park comprising a total area of 79.99 sq.km. is one of the popular wildlife hotspot in West Bengal.
The riverine grassland and Savannah woodland occupy about 20% of the total plant cover of Gorumara National Park, which is the grazing ground of the wild herbivores. The Murti, Jaldhaka, and Indong rivers flow through the Park reflecting the Himalayan ranges in the North.
Flora and Fauna:
Vegetation of Garumara National Park consist of Sal forests with Common Teak, Rain Tree (Shirish), Silk Cotton (Shimul) are the important name. Bamboo and Terai grassland vegetation are also dominated this small National Park. Gorumara is also home to numerous tropical orchids.
The park has recorded 50 species of mammals, 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles and 27 species of fishes.
The Park is rich in large herbivores including Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Gaur, Asian Elephant, Sloth bear, Chital, and Sambar Deer. Small herbivores include Barking deer, Hog deer and Wild boar are also common. There is a comparative lack of large carnivores, with the only big cat being the Leopard. It does have numerous small carnivores species including various civets, mongooses and small cats. Critically endangered Pygmy Hog and rare Hispid Hare has been reported from the park. Rodents like Malayan Giant Squirrel is common here.
The Park is a very good place for bird-watching with its rich bio-diversity reflected in its wonderful avi-faunal species like Scarlet Minivet, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Spangled Drongo, Great Indian Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill and numerous woodpeckers. Peafowls are also very common here. The park is on the flyway of numerous migratory birds.
The park is home to a large number of snakes, venomous and non-venomous, including the Indian Python and King Cobra - the world's largest venomous snake.