Dibru-Saikhowa national park, a bio-diversity hotspot, covering an area of 350 Sq. Km. is located on the South bank of Brahmaputra River in the eastern corner of Assam, India. Situated in the flood plains of Brahmaputra river, the park is heaven for some of the rare and endangered species of wildlife. The park is also distinct for it’s pristine scenic beauty. In 1997, Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve was declared with and area of 765 Sq. Km. that included the 340 Sq. Km. of Sanctuary area as the core. In 1999, the 340 Sq. Km. of Sanctuary area was declared as National Park.
Landscape of the park is mostly dominated by swamp, canals and small rivers. This landscape has undergone radical transformation after the great earthquake of 1950.
Flora and Fauna:
The park is dominated by grassland, while a part of the park is wetland. The combinations of swamp, semi-evergreen and deciduous forests and also the cane & bamboo brakes makes this Park a Bio-Diversity Hotspot.
36 species of mammals have so far been recorded in Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Some of the notable species are Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Leopard, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Assamese Macague, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Water Buffalo etc.
Dibru-Saikhowa is the only home to Feral Horses in India. Presently the park is having more than 70 feral horse. These horses were escaped from Army Camps during World War-II. These horses are third and forth generation of those tamed horses.
It is an important birding area of Eastern India having more than 382 species of Birds. Some of the key-species of the park are Greater Adjutant Stork, Greater Crested Grebe, Black necked Stork, Lesser white fronted Goose, Grey leg Goose, Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, White Winged Wood Duck, Baer's Pochard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Pale Capped Pigeon, Marsh Babbler, Jerdon's Babbler, Black Breasted Parrot bill, Swamp Prinia etc.