Madhya Pradesh is said to be the heart of India. This exotic land is a mixture of vibrant sights, rich history and awe-spring art. From north to south, east to west, Madhya Pradesh is embellished with beautiful attractions. On the rugged Northern side, there are the famous temples of Khajuraho, and Kanha and Bandhavgarh – two of the India’s most famous wildlife sanctuaries are embracing the land. Towards the south west there are the Buddhist stupas of Sanchi. Madhya Pradesh is India’s heartbeat with the presence of large tribal population and temples.
Suggested Itinerary Madhya Pradesh
Bandhabgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh, the legendary jungle for its famous tigers, mythological storiesand archeological importance .located in the North-eastern corner of Madhyapradesh in the Umaria-Shahdol district, Bandhavgarh is the the dream destination for tiger lovers .The habitat comprises of tropical mixed deciduous forest dominated by Sal tree, marshy meadows, fresh water lakes, gurgling streams and surrounded by Satpura hills. Almost 20 streams run through the park and merged into river Son, one of the tributary of river Ganges.Bandhavgarh is dotted by caves, temples and historical structures. Bandhavgarh fort with the 65 ft horizontally laid idol of lord Vishnu on the seven hooded serpent is the most famous historical sculptor in the area.These man made caves, temples and fort makes an ideal refuge for the tigers of Bandhavgarh.
Bandhavgarh, a small park with an area of 448 sq. km was declared as National Park in the year 1968. The history of Bandhavgarh dates back a long way. Survey on the caves and rock paintings revealed that history of the area may even date back to before Christ period. Later Bharihas, Vakataks, Sengars and Kalchuris ruled the region. Ultimately Baghels take possession of the area during 13th century and made Bandhavgarh their capital. Almost 2000 years old Bandhavgarh fort was the centre of their dynasty till 1617, then they shifted their capital to Rewa and the area around Bandhavgarh fort flourished with rich wildlife, and it became the Hunting Reserve of Maharajas of Rewa .It is said that Rajah Gulab Singh Baghel ended up bringing down 83 tigers during one single year.Bandhavgarh is the heaven for growling tigers where individual tigers are known by their famous names. Charger, a tiger so named because of his habit of charging at elephants and tourists and a female tigress called Sita was among them. The descendent of Charger and Sita along with other tigers rules the jungle of Bandhavgarh at present.
Flora and Fauna:
Bandhavgarh has rich floral diversity due to the landform and moist character of the region. Flora of Bandhavgarh consists of Moist Peninsular Sal Forest, Southern tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest and Southern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest along with occasional grassland and the meadows. More than 600 species of flowering plant and 50 species of aquatic plant has been identified in the park. Some of the tree species grows here are Mahua, Palash, Bija, Bahera, Shimul, Pepal, Tendu, Arjun and most dominating tree Sal.
Bandhavgarh is the tiger land and at present 46 tigers resides in this forest. Strong conservation measures has taken to protect these tigers. Leopard is the other big carnivores species found in Bandhavgarh. Other small carnivores species are wild dog or Dhole, Wolf, Indian Fox, Jungle Cat,Wild bore, Caracal, Leopard Cat, Striped Hyena and jackal. Small Indian Civet, three types of Mongoose, Indian Pangolin and Indian Hare are other small mammalians recorded .. Members of herbivores species like Chital or Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking deer or Muntjac, Chausinga or Four-horned Antelope, Nilgai or Blue bull, Indian Gazel or chinkara makes the main prey base and frequently seen grazing around the grassland and swamps. Among primates Common Langur and Rhesus Macaque are frequently encountered species. More than 240 species of birds recorded in Bandhavgarh. Notable bird species of Bandhavgarh are Painted Francolin, Painted Spurfowl, Red-crested Pochard, Barred Buttonquail, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Drongo Cuckoo, Brown Fish Owl, Savanna Nightjar, Painted Sandgrouse, Greater Painted-snipe, Osprey, Egyptian Vulture, White-rumped Vulture, Red-headed Vulture, Eurasian Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Pied Harrier, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Steppe Eagle, Bonelli’s Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Lesser Adjutant, Black Stork, Black-napped Monarch, Asian Paradise-flycatcher, Ultramarine Flycatcher, Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, Bluethroat, Siberian Rubythroat, Rosy Starling, White-browed Scimitar Babbler, Crested Bunting and White-capped Bunting.
Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh
Kanha, one of the inspirations to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel “Jungle Book” is located in Mandla and Balaghat district of Madhyapradesh. This National Park on Satpura range has got some of the greatest landscapes as its treasure. In the year 1955 Kanha declared as National Park with a stretch of 940 Sq. Km. of natural forest and later also declared a Tiger Reserve. Lowland and highland dry forest, meadows with vast grassland and unique wildlife makes Kanha one the most popular wildlife destinations in central India.
Most distinctive feature of Kanha is its meadows, lush sal forests, hills, meandering streams and open grassland . Kanha is one of the most important tiger haven in centrail India,but the landmark achievement of this park is the preservation of the rare Hard-ground Swamp Deer (Barasingha), saving it from near extinction.
Flora and Fauna:
More than 200 species of plants has been recorded in Kanha National Park. There is two types of forest in Kanha – The lowland and The Highland Forest. The lowland forest is a mixture of mainly Saland other mixed trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type forest with completely different nature. Bamboos are also common on the slopes of highland forest. Main species of trees found here are Lendia, Dhawa, Tendu, Palas, Bija, Mahua, Aonla, Achar etc.There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha, some of them are very important for the survival of Barasingha (Hard ground Swamp Deer). Climbers, shrubs and herbs flourished abundantly in the dense forested zones with thick canopy cover.
Kanha means tigers and more than 100 tiger harbour the forest and grassland of this magnificent National Park. Though Tiger is the main predator species of this park but other carnivores are also exist in good numbers and played a significant role for maintaining the balance of eco-system. Big cat like Leopard, Wild Dog and Jackal are common in Kanha. Small mammals like Civet, Porcupine, Honey badger and hares can be seen here. Apart from Barasingha other herbivores species like Indian Gaur, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking Deer, Chousingha, Nilgai along with Wild Boar and Sloth Bear are confronted frequently. Recently mouse deer has been also discovered here.There are record of Indian Wolf. Indian Langur and Rhesus Macaque are the major primate species here.
Approximately 300 species of birds has been recorded in Kanha. Notable species of birds found here are Black Francolin, Painted Francolin, Red Spurfowl, Comb Duck, Heart-spotted Woodpecker, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Pied Cuckoo, Rock Eagle Owl, Brown Fish Owl, Short-eared Owl, Savanna Nightjar, Lesser Florican, Sarus Crane, Baillon’s Crake, Greater Painted-snipe, Egyptian Vulture, Red-headed Vulture, Eurasian Marsh Harrier, Pallid Harrier, Bonelli’s Eagle, Laggar Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Woolly-necked Stork, Indian Pitta, Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, White-browed Fantail, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Blue Rock Thrush, White-throated Thrush, Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Red Avadavat, Crested Bunting and many more.
Among reptilian species Indian Rock Python, King Cobra, Common Krait, Russel’s Viper etc are found in this area. Many species of turtles as well as amphibians are also found in or near the water bodies.
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